Merthyr Mawr Kenfig Margam Burrows
Accumulations of wind blown sand have formed
considerable areas of littoral dunes at a number of points along
the South Wales coast. Historical evidence indicates that the
processes of be-sandment were very active in the later medieval
period, during the 13th to 15th centuries.
Crown copyright: RCAHMW
Ref number: HLW (MGl) 1
OS map: Landranger 170
Unitary authority: Bridgend, Neath Port Talbot,
Vale of Glamorgan
Merthyr Mawr, Kenfig and Margam Burrows are two discrete areas
of dunes situated on the west coast of Glamorgan and they present
the supreme examples in South Wales of these natural and
uncontrollable forces, and the significant impact they had on
earlier societies. Inevitably, two landscapes are represented, the
one at Margam and Kenfig as the be-sanded landscape that
essentially derived from adverse weather conditions and tidal
phenomena in the Middle Ages and perhaps earlier, and the other at
Merthyr Mawr as a generally more ancient landscape with
archaeological sites completely buried by these natural forces.
A full published description for this landscape area is
available as a pdf download within the Related Articles section
Principal area designations:
Merthyr Mawr includes: Merthyr Mawr Warren Site of Special
Scientific Interest; Merthyr Warren Scheduled Ancient Monument.
Kenfig includes: Kenfig Pool and Dunes National Nature Reserve;
Ogmore Castle Guardianship Site; Kenfig Castle and Kenfig town
Scheduled Ancient Monuments; Merthyr Mawr Conservation Area.
Contents and significance:
Two discrete, but extensive areas of littoral, wind blown sand
dunes situated on the west Glamorgan coast, containing buried
remains of immense archaeological and historic potential from the
prehistoric, Roman and medieval periods, and including Candleston
and Ogmore Castles near Merthyr Mawr.