Vale of Montgomery
The Vale of Montgomery lies across the
English-Welsh border, in north eastern Powys and western Salop, and
occupies a natural basin, some 6km across, formed at the confluence
of the Rivers Severn and Camlad.
©Welsh Tourist Board
Ref number: HLW (P) 2
OS map: Landranger 126, 137
Unitary authority: Powys, South Shropshire
The area contained within this natural amphitheatre surrounding
Montgomery presents ample evidence for the historical struggle for
control of territory and communications which has so typified Welsh
history. The landscape preserves remnants of fortification,
boundaries, settlements and field systems from prehistory to the
medieval period, reflecting the ebb and flow of conflicting claims
to the land.
One of the main features in the landscape is Offa's Dyke which
runs roughly north-south marking the western extent of the 8/9th
centuries kingdom of Mercia. The Dyke remains fairly well-preserved
at this point and is plainly visible as a linear spine crossing the
valley floor, where, for about 3km, it forms the modern boundary
between England and Wales.
A full published description for this landscape area is
available as a pdf download within the Related Articles section
Principal area designations:
The area includes: Montgomery Castle Guardianship Site; Forden
Gaer fort, Gaer Farm enclosure complex and sections of Offa's Dyke
Scheduled Ancient Monuments; Churchstoke, Hyssington and Montgomery
Criteria: 3, 4
Contents and significance:
A natural valley basin lying astride the Welsh border to the
east of the Montgomery Hills, with a high concentration of
defensive works from the prehistoric to the medieval periods,
providing ample evidence of the historical struggle for territory
so typical of Welsh history.
The area includes:
an Iron Age hillfort; Roman forts; Offa's Dyke; medieval motte
and bailey castles; Montgomery Castle and borough.